Re-energising after a black-out
In the event of a full blackout of its grid, to restore the high-voltage system Elia may rely on services offered by Restoration Service Providers (RSP).
A plan for restoration after blackout
Belgium’s economy must be able to rely on
swift restoration of the power supply
from the grid when a blackout occurs. As a Transmission System Operator (TSO), Elia has set up a
, which it will execute at the time needed in coordination with crisis teams, neighbouring TSOs, Belgian DSOs (distribution system operators) and relevant grid users.
In 2018, Elia published a study report on the restoration plan and the role of black-start services therein.
A design for restoring the system from the bottom up
Depending on the situation, Elia restores the system using energy supplied by neighbouring TSO’s (top-down) or, if this is not available, by relying on services supplied by market parties within the Belgian system (bottom-up).
During a “bottom-up” reconstruction, Elia specifically uses generation units with “Black Start” capability to re-energise the system. These power-generating units are capable of starting up without an external electricity supply and re-energising the grid.
Elia procures this “Black Start” service from RSPs.
Providing restoration services to Elia
The supply of restoration services to Elia is governed by a contract between Elia and the supplier concerned. This “restoration services contract” (or RSP contract) defines the rules and specifications for the delivery of the “Black Start” service.